As illustrated throughout the different sections of this guide, the range of mechanisms that are available to victims of corporate-related abuses is diverse. From invoking States’ responsibilities before the international human rights protection system and corporations’ liability before domestic courts, to initiating mediation processes with ombudsmen or OECD National Contact Points instances, recourse mechanisms may take various forms and result in different types of outcomes. However, the real question remains: can they effectively bring justice to victims? Do they fulfil victims’ right to an effective remedy? Do they offer adequate sanction to change corporate behaviour and help deter future violations?

This guide, although highlighting potential avenues, also reminds us that to date, none of the existing mechanisms can truly live up to the meaning of an effective remedy.

FIDH has been fighting for decades, alongside civil society groups and local communities across the planet, for accountability and redress in the context corporate-related violations. If the mechanisms in this guide show that some progress has been made, the struggle continues.

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